The HIV/AIDS Partnership: Impact through Prevention, Private Sector and Evidence-based Programming (PIPPSE) was a five-year project funded by USAID/India, designed to support national efforts in preventing HIV in India through institution strengthening and innovative approaches targeting the general population, key populations (KPs), and priority populations (PPs). Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) served as the Prime partner with sub-partners, Futures Group International India Pvt Ltd (Futures) and Population Services International (PSI). The project was modified in Year 3 to reflect a revised PEPFAR focus on KPs and PPs and reduced funding. The evaluation focused on: implementation of the District Network Model (DNM); effectiveness of institutional and human capacity building, private sector engagement, information technology, and data management systems; PHFI’s role as a Prime partner; and lessons for future program design. The evaluation team reviewed reports and designed a mixed methods study, with 50 key informant interviews and seven focus group discussions. The project was found to be generally effective, despite significant early delays and management issues. The DNM approach was found to be effective in reaching KPs and PPs, linking them to services, and achieving saturation coverage targets. Eight state training programs improved skills for targeted interventions, and information technology and data management systems were adopted nationally. The successful Public-Private Partnership Employer-Led Model rolled out nationally, but models for physical and financial access to private providers were stalled. Recommendations include: adoption of innovative DNM strategies in future district activities, analysis of target intervention coverage of new entrants, development of test models for KP access to private providers, and early capacity building for new local partners.
USAID/India Final Performance Evaluation of the HIV/AIDS Partnership: Impact through Prevention, Private Sector and Evidence-Based Programming (PIPPSE)